德国耶拿:高分辨连续光源石墨炉原子吸收光谱法测定原油中挥发性和非挥发性钒化合物

  • 应用领域:石油/化工
  • 检测样品: 油品
  • 检测项目:挥发性和非挥发性钒化合物
  • 参考标准:--

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方案摘要

Amethodisproposedthatmakespossibledeterminingtotaland“thermallystable”vanadiumincrudeoilwithoutpriorseparation,andtocalculate“volatile”vanadiumbydifference.Thevolatilefractionisbelievedtobelargelyvanadylporphyrinecomplexes.Themethodisbasedontheunsurpassedbackgroundcorrectioncapabilityofhigh-resolutioncontinuumsourcegraphitefurnaceatomicabsorptionspectrometry(HR-CSGFAAS),whichallowspyrolysistemperaturesaslowas300◦Ctobeused.Thesampleswerepreparedasoil-in-wateremulsions,andaqueousstandardsemulsifiedinthesamewaywereusedforcalibration.Totalvanadiumhasbeendeterminedusingapyrolysistemperatureof400◦C,and“thermallystable”vanadiumusingapyrolysistemperatureof800◦C.Thecontentoftotalvanadiumin12Braziliancrudeoilsampleswasfoundtobebetweenlessthan0.04andabout30mgkg−1.Thevolatilefractionwasbetween5and51%ofthetotalcontent,andtherewasnocorrelationbetweenthetotalandthevolatilevanadiumcontent.Thelimitsofdetectionandquantificationwere0.04and0.12mgkg−1ofVincrudeoil,respectively,basedonamassof2gofoilin10mLofemulsion.Theprecisionwasbetterthan4%atthe3mgkg−1levelandbetterthan1.5%atthe30mgkg−1levelofVincrudeoil.

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